Roda Submits to the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women
In April 2019, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights's Special Rapporteur for Violence Against Women published a Call for submissions on the Mistreatment and violence against women during reproductive health care with a focus on childbirth. Roda prepared a submission, which can be found below in PDF format.
The Call for Submissions specifically asked for:
"International human rights bodies and experts have addressed some of the types of mistreatment and violence, however, they have focused on a limited number of issues and their analysis of those issues has largely failed to take into account the broader context in which mistreatment and violence occur. In her forthcoming report, the Special Rapporteur aims to build on the existing standards to offer a more holistic presentation of the mistreatment and violence that women experience when accessing reproductive health services and particularly during facility-based childbirth, as well as its causes, and provide recommendations for States on how to address these issues. As such, the report seeks to lay the foundation for States to develop appropriate policies and strategies to ensure human rights-based approach to health care and accountability for human rights obligations and political commitments. The Special Rapporteur’s report will be the first human rights report by a special procedure dedicated to the issue of mistreatment and violence experienced by women in reproductive health care and facility-based childbirth and placing it in the broader context of a continuum of sexual and reproductive rights violations.
In this regard, the Special Rapporteur on violence against women wishes to secure views from States, non-governmental organizations, National Human Rights Institutions as well as members of academia on the following questions:
- Please indicate whether in your country there are cases of mistreatment and violence against women during reproductive health care, particularly facility-based childbirth. If so, please specify what kind of cases and describe your country’s response and any good practices, including protection of human rights;
- Please specify if full and informed consent is administered for any type of reproductive health care and if these include childbirth care;
- Please specify whether there are accountability mechanisms in place within the health facilities to ensure redress for victims of mistreatment and violence, including filing complaints, financial compensation, acknowledgement of wrongdoing and guarantees of non-repetition. Please indicate whether the ombudsperson is mandated to address such human rights violations;
- Does your health systems have policies that guide health responses to VAW and are these in line with WHO guidelines and standards on this issue."